The Broken Tower from Tomeşti (2002 - 2003)   
Colleagues: Lóránt Darvas, Boglárka Tóth

In the 18th century the medieval church of Tomeni was pulled down, and only the church tower survived. During the excavation we opened the Southern part of the building and succeeded in clarifying the different building periods.

Dimensions of the early church: 12,8 meters long, 6,5 meters wide, from which the length and width of the apse were circa 5 meters. This is the first apse of the age of the Árpáds in the Ciuc – basin!  In the sanctuary there was a rounded arched tabernacle that we found in a secondary place, bricked up in a cellar from the village. It is the first known tabernacle of the age of the Árpáds from Ciuc. It is considered to be rareness in Szeklerland.

The Saint Peter and Paul Parish Church from Şumuleu Ciuc (2002–2005)   
Colleagues: Lóránt Darvas, Boglárka Tóth

The excavation of the Western quarter of the church took place in 2002 – 2005. We opened the nave and the sanctuary walls of the medieval church that was pulled down in the 1800s. During the excavation we discovered four construction periods.

Unfortunately we could not find the first stone church (1st period), but we know on the basis of the next period’s stone material that the walls were whitewashed, at some parts covered with frescos, and that the aperture frames were made of carved stones.

The research of the wall of the parish church from Sâncrăieni (2002)   
Colleagues: Miklós Rácz, Boglárka Tóth

During the 2002 renovation of the church, the plaster was knocked off without any archaeological supervision. In a parallel direction with the renovation we tried to document the parts that could still be seen. On the Southern wall we succeeded in opening an early – Gothic window. Another Gothic – window was discovered in the Baroque wall that was above the medieval entablature. West from the entrance we documented the corner of a higher – lying window. Under the window on the medieval wall we found the trails of two carvings. After their restoration they turned out to be the stones of a relief with two figures.  One of them represented a well – carved figure in tunic without head, above which, on a separate stone, a bigger bearded head could be seen. The buttresses on the Western part of the nave turned out to have been added to the walls later on.

The parish church from Misentea (2005)   
Colleague: Lóránt Darvas

The archaeological researches were carried out in the autumn of 2005 on the occasion of the renovation of the church. During the excavation we managed to open the churchyard, few graves of the medieval cemetery, and we succeeded in documenting the 19th century lengthening of the Northern nave wall.

The parish church from Sândominic (2006)   
Not long ago, despite of the 18th century altar remains and stone carvings the existence of the medieval church from Sândominic was uncertain.

During the excavation from the autumn of 2006 we managed to locate the foundation walls of the medieval Gothic church. It turned out that the tabernacle was covered with stone arch and from the Northern part it was bounded by a sacristy.

The parish chuch from Armăşeni   
Colleagues: Dennis Walgraffe, Lóránt Darvasm Sándor Sztáncsúj (National szekler Museum, Sfântu Gheorghe)

In June 2007, as part of the restoration program, we carried out some archaeological researches in the interior of the church. During the excavation we identified in the tabernacle of today the trail of two earlier tabernacles. The only remains of the early – Gothic tabernacle are some important parts of the foundation walls, to which it belongs the diagonal foundation wall on the Northern part of the tabernacle opened in 1999 by Daniela Marcu. It turns out that this tabernacle was built later on to an earlier nave.

History of settlements from the region of Ciuc   
Unfortunately we have no written sources about the medieval history of Ciuc that is why our most important sources are those given by the means of archaeological researches. Since 2001 we have been trying to work up the entire medieval material of the excavations. We succeeded in proving that in case of several settlements the process of settling began already in the 11th – 12th centuries.

During the field searches we found an 11th – 12th century cross from Kiev, which is considered to be unique in Szeklerland and which indicates the beginning of Christianity in this region.

Colleagues: András Grynaeus , Boglárka Tóth

Dendrochronology or tree-ring dating is the method of scientific dating based on the analysis of tree-ring growth patterns. It helps us in dating trees, and in lucky situations even helps us in dating some buildings that have wood as building material in them.

In 2003 we managed to compile an almost 500 years old oak – chronology, which helped us in dating the wood – construction of several monuments from Ciuc, such as the Bors – mansion from Sâncrăieni, the churches from Racu, Şumuleu Ciuc, Misentea, Sâncrăieni.

Parallel with the researches from Ciuc we took samples from several objects from the Saxon – region and from the region of Odorheiu Secuiesc. We managed to date the roofs of the 15th century churches from Brădeni and Saschiz and to prove that they are of the same age with the tabernacle of the church from Dârjiu.

The long – term aim of the project is to compile a regional chronology that covers the entire Transylvania.

The Sekler Museum of Ciuc
Miercurea Ciuc, Cetatii Square no. 2
Harghita County, Romania

The Nagy Imre Art Gallery
Miercurea Ciuc, Zsögödi Nagy Imre Street no. 175.

The Kossuth Gallery
Miercurea Ciuc, Kossuth Lajos Street no. 12
Postal address:
Muzeul Secuiesc al Ciucului
530132 Miercurea Ciuc, Piaţa Cetăţii nr.2
Judeţul Harghita, Romania

Tel: (004) 0266-372024
Tel/Fax: (004) 0266-311727
Mobil: (004) 0753-073531

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