ROMÂNĂ | MAGYAR | ENGLISH

Collection of old books   
The history of the library of the Franciscan order from Şumuleu dates back to the 15th century. It is considered to be one of the richest and most valuable medieval ecclesiastical – collections from Transylvania. In most of the cases with the passing of time the content of our medieval libraries diminished, fell to pieces or disappeared. This was not the case with the library from Şumuleu. Throughout the years, the library managed to retain its books and to add others to its collection by getting hold of the different book collections of Hungarian and Transylvanian orders’ (Dominican, Franciscan, Carthusian, etc.). The book collection of the Franciscan order gives us a sample of the “book culture” of the earlier Transylvania. It is also important that this is the only medieval catholic library that survived the Reformation. In the years of the Protestant principality this old library served as a shelter for the Transylvanian catholic book inheritance. During the 16th – 18th centuries Transylvanian ecclesiastical – and worldly books were added to the library’s collection, making it possible for the posterity to become familiar with the cultural level of these centuries.
The content of the library reflects the fact that the library from Şumuleu Ciuc was created with practical purposes. The collected books helped the Franciscans from Şumuleu in their missionary work among the catholic Szeklers and the Hungarian speaking native Moldavians, Csángós.
Most of the books are written in Latin and are of theological interest, their main aim being the mental care of the believers. We can find volumes of sermons, books that present the life of different saints, priests or monks, bibles, exegesis, concordances, breviaries, missals, etc. The worldly literature is represented by the historical, medical, botanical and legal books together with the Latin, Hungarian and German textbooks.
 The history of the school from Şumuleu Ciuc dates back to the 15th century. The earliest mentioning of its books is from 1630, but there must have been an earlier library functioning together with school. The stock of the school library was gradually increased by book donations, and later on by the purchase of new books. Naturally, the most important books for the library were those for teaching purposes, so the major part of the school library’s books are written in Latin, but we can find some Hungarian, German and Greek books as well. The composition of the school library also shows us what this school offered to its students and teachers.



The Sekler Museum of Ciuc
Miercurea Ciuc, Cetatii Square no. 2
Harghita County, Romania

The Nagy Imre Art Gallery
Miercurea Ciuc, Zsögödi Nagy Imre Street no. 175.

The Kossuth Gallery
Miercurea Ciuc, Kossuth Lajos Street no. 12
Postal address:
Muzeul Secuiesc al Ciucului
530132 Miercurea Ciuc, Piaţa Cetăţii nr.2
Judeţul Harghita, Romania

Tel: (004) 0266-372024
Tel/Fax: (004) 0266-311727
Mobil: (004) 0753-073531

E-mail: info@csikimuzeum.ro
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